ResearchKey Areas
Cluster Risk and Inequality in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Cluster Risk and Inequality in Asia, Africa and Latin America

© Foto Eneas De Troya, But I would never be able to hang them on my wall here, flickr, CC BY 2.0


Globalisation, international trade, and migration lead not only to a global interconnection between countries worldwide, but also to spatial transformation in developing market and emerging market countries. Therefore, the cluster is concerned with risks and inequalities in urban and rural Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Environmental disasters such as floods, droughts, or epidemics, social conflicts and wars, or economic shocks (e.g. price increase for food) contribute frequently to a worsening of poverty and inequality in these countries. However, very slow processes, such as climate change, increasingly have devastating effects on living conditions as well. The population growth is very distinct in some of these countries so that the process of urbanisation, in some regions, leads to megacities. In other regions, a lack of agricultural job opportunities is the reason for rural flight and urbanisation. Parts of the population adapt their habits due to an increase in average per capita income in cities. For other parts of the population, urbanisation is connected with the formation of slums and informal structures, especially when rural poverty is contributing to rural flight. Both trends will have effects on the demand for areas of settlement, better transportation infrastructure, as well as resources, especially water and energy, and food production. These urban area changes will exert pressure on rural areas. Agricultural production processes must adapt to these new demand structures and quality standards. 


  • Globalisation
  • Migration
  • Rapid urbanisation
  • Social conflicts
  • Food security
  • Lasting rural development
  • Resource management 
  • Agent-centred solution building
  • Extreme events
  • Violence and conflict management


Cluster Chair
Deputy Cluster Chair
Additional Members