ResearchKey Areas
Cluster Resources and Ecosystem Services

Cluster Resources and Ecosystem Services

© Foto sunrisesoup, fields, flickr, CC BY NC ND 2.0


The supply and use of natural resources and ecosystem services differs between urban and rural areas. While demand for resources rather predominates in urban areas, it is mainly in rural areas where these resources are extracted or produced. Repercussions can be observed in urban as well as rural areas, e.g. within the context of land use, biotope-, landscape-, and local climate changes, as well as pollution levels. Furthermore, these imbalances can lead to land-use conflicts between urban and rural users. Natural systems, therefore, interact with urban and rural transformations respectively control and limit them. With advanced technological development, increasing space and resource demands (e.g. 'Energiewende' in Germany), and climate change, society applies quickly changing requirements to nature and space. This affects the relationships between urban and rural areas and with it the intensity and spatial distribution of ecosystem pollution as well as the use of ecosystem services.

The cluster focusses on developing methods and instruments for adapting a sustainable use of resources and ecosystem services in changing conditions. In addition, the cluster conducts investigations into environmental impacts as conditions for human actions to better understand the interdependency between the environment and mankind. This creates links to other TRUST clusters. These include analyzing spatial transformation processes which are connected to the change in use of both resources and ecosystem services. The participating researchers of various disciplines analyse opportunities and risks, and work out flexible control options from an integrative perspective.


  • Adaptive infrastructures
  • Assessment of the environmental effects of transformation
  • Climate-neutral regional recycling (e.g. of water)
  • Nature-based solutions for adapting to climate change


Cluster Chair
Deputy Cluster Chair
Additional Members